Torcollect - A tool to collect statistics from servers that run Tor bridgesMi 02 April 2014 by Daniel
For the last half year i’ve been developing a tool that collects metrics from bridge servers. The specified application had to extract and collect the data from each single server that is registered in the system and generate static HTML reports from the received data.
Torcollect is written in Python and uses paramiko to establish ssh-connections to it’s designated servers. It also uses the module pygal to display the recorded data graphically.
Starting development i first developed a database scheme capable of storing all data we need and even add a few additional features, for example the ability to store, that certain organizations were given specific bridges, so we can create reports that only concern the bridges of those organizations. I continued with gathering some static data, like a complete list of countries and their abbreviations and a collection of flag images for all of them (thanks to koppi for assembling a great image library).
After completing the prerequisites i wrote some code to extract data from the bridge servers. The processing of the data is mostly done on the side of the bridge server to minimize the amount of transported data and thus increasing performance. Doing so, I struggled a little with the permissions that Tor enforces on it’s server files. I had to do a workaround, that involves copying the relevant file to a location which the torcollect user has access to. This has to happen everyday via a cronjob. I find this solution to be sufficient but not very pretty as it complicates the process of introducing a new server to a torcollect system. Maybe someone from the Tor community has a better idea or I may come up with a better solution. The data is being extraced by appropriately using grep and find. Then I wrote the “collector”, which is a piece of code that enters the collected datasets into the according relations in the database.
After having the database collecting the data, I experimented with how to display the data. The first thing i implemented was an overall graph of the bridge usage. I implemented it in coffeescript, which generated a svg object in the DOM and puts it into the page. After I experimented around a bit, i discovered the pygal library, which produces very beautiful graphs with little effort, and changed the static HTML generator to use it. Further, I experimented with different efforts to display so called sparklines for each object that is represented in the daily reports (countries, bridges, pluggable transport protocols).
Sparklines are a bit tricky because the graphics that are generated sum up to huge amounts of data. This resulted in roughly 7 MiB per HTTP call even when using gzip compression, which obviously kills responsiveness of the site. I’d love to have this feature included, because they allow detecting sudden changes in only one glance.
The latest feature I added was creating monthly reports from the collected data. Those monthly reports can be created for either the whole system or only the bridges of a single organization.
My further efforts will be:
- Trying to create a debian package to install torcollect
- Simplifying the process of setting up more servers
- Creating a better user experience in the UI